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Mortal Kombat is a video game franchise originally developed by Midway Games' Chicago studio in 1992. Following Midway's bankruptcy, the Mortal Kombat development team was acquired by Warner Bros. and turned into NetherRealm Studios. Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment currently owns the rights of the franchise and rebooted it in 2011.

The development of the first game was originally based on an idea that Ed Boon and John Tobias had of making a video game starring Jean-Claude Van Damme, but as that idea fell through, a fantasy-themed fighting game titled Mortal Kombat was created instead. The original game has spawned many sequels and has been spun off into several action-adventure games, films (animatedand live-action with its own sequel), and television series (animated and live-action). Other spin-offs include comic book series, acard game and a live-action tour. Along with Capcom's Street Fighter and Bandai Namco's TekkenMortal Kombat has become one of the most successful fighting franchises in the history of video games.

The series is known for high levels of bloody violence, including, most notably, its Fatalities (finishing moves, requiring a sequence of button inputs to perform). The Fatalities, in part, led to the creation of the ESRB video game rating system. The series name itself is also known for using the letter "K" in place of "C" for the hard C sound, thus intentionally misspelling the word "combat", as well as other words with the hard C sound within later games in the series. Early games in the series were especially noted for its realisticdigitized sprites (which differentiated it from its contemporaries' hand-drawn sprites) and an extensive use of palette swapping to create new characters.

Gameplay Edit

urther information: Fighting game

The original three games and their updates, Mortal KombatMortal Kombat IIMortal Kombat 3Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3 and Mortal Kombat Trilogy, were styled in a 2D fighting fashion. The first two of them were played in the arcades with a joystick and five buttons: high punch, low punch, high kick, low kick, and block. Mortal Kombat 3 and its updates added a sixth "run" button.[1] Characters in the earlyMortal Kombat games play virtually identically to one another, with the only major differences being their special moves.[2] Through the 1990s, the developer and publisher Midway Games would keep their single styled fighting moves with four attack buttons for a different array of punches and kicks and blocks. Mortal Kombat: Deadly Alliance changed this by differentiating characters normal moves and even giving them multiple fighting styles. Beginning in Deadly Alliance and until Mortal Kombat: Deception, the characters would have three fighting styles per character: two unarmed styles, and one weapon style.[3] Few exceptions to this arose in Mortal Kombat: Armageddon, such as monster-like boss characters like Moloch and Onaga who would have only one fighting style.[4] While most of the styles used in the series are based on real martial arts, some are entirely fictitious.[5] Goro's fighting styles, for example, are designed to take advantage of the fact that he has four arms. For Armageddon, fighting styles were reduced to a maximum of two per character (generally one hand-to-hand combat style and one weapon style) due to the sheer number of playable characters.[4] Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe dropped the multiple fighting style trend altogether in favor of giving each character a much wider variety of special moves,[6] but some characters still use multiple fighting styles.[7] 2011's Mortal Kombat returned to a single 2D fighting plane although characters are rendered in 3D;[8]unlike previous MK games, each of four buttons on the game controller represents an attack linked to a corresponding limb.

According to Mortal Kombat co-creator Ed Boon, "since the beginning, one of the things that's separated us from other fighting games is the crazy moves we've put in it, like fireballs and all the magic moves, so to speak."[9] When asked if Capcom's Street Fighter series would ever do a crossover game with Mortal KombatStreet Fighter producerYoshinori Ono called Mortal Kombat a very different serious game from Street Fighter fun silly fantasy style.[10][11] Capcom's senior director of communications compared Street Fighter and Mortal Kombat by asking if the interviewer preferred the "precision and depth" of Street Fighter or the "gore and comedy" of Mortal Kombat; he also stated that theStreet Fighter and Mortal Kombat rivalry was considered similar to the Coke and Pepsi rivalry in the 1990s.[12] Senior producer of Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe, Hans Lo, himself also called Street Fighter "a little more cartoonic fantasy" in comparison to Mortal Kombat.[13] In 2013, Boon named the hypothetical "MKvsSF" as his dream crossover game.[14] In 2014, Boon said his team has remained in touch with Capcom, but no one could resolve the incompatibility problem of Mortal Kombat being much more brutal than Street Fighter.[15]

Mortal Kombat: Deception and Mortal Kombat: Armageddon feature "Konquest", a free-roaming action-adventure mode that significantly expanded on the single-player experience. Both games also include distinct minigame modes such "Chess Kombat", an action-strategy game similar to Archon. Two other bonus minigames, "Puzzle Kombat" inspired by Puzzle Fighter and "Motor Kombat" inspired by Mario Kart, feature super deformed versions of Mortal Kombat characters.[1] The games also contain variousunlockable content and hidden "cheats".[16]

Finishing moves Edit

Main article: Fatality (Mortal Kombat)

A defining and best-known feature of the Mortal Kombat series is its finishing move system called Fatality. An original idea behind it was to give gamers a free hit at the end of the fight.[1] The basic Fatalities are finishing moves that allow the victorious characters to end a match in a special way by murdering their defeated, defenseless opponents in a gruesome manner, usually in the predefined ways exclusive for the given character. The only exception from this is Mortal Kombat: Armageddon, which instead features the Kreate-A-Fatality, allowing the players to perform their own Fatalities by conducting a series of violent moves chosen from a pool that is common for all characters.[1][20]

ther finishing moves in the various Mortal Kombat games include Animalities (introduced in Mortal Kombat 3) turning a victor into an animal to violently finish off the opponent;[21] Brutality (introduced in Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3) which is bashing an opponent into pieces with a long combo of hits; and Stage Fatalities/Death Traps (introduced in the original Mortal Kombat Pit Stage, and later made more difficult in Mortal Kombat II by requiring specific and different button sequences to be pressed) utilizing parts of certain stages to execute a lethal finishing move. Mortal Kombat: Deception added the Hara-Kiri, a self-Fatality allowing the losers to engage in a suicide-based finishing move (enabling a possible race between both players to see if the winning player can finish off the losing player before the losing character can kill himself or herself first).[1][22]

Games in series Edit

  • Mortal Kombat
  • Mortal Kombat 2
  • Mortal Kombat 3
  • Ultimate Mortal Kombat 3
  • Ultimate Mortal Kombat
  • Mortal Kombat Advance
  • Mortal Kombat Trilogy
  • Mortal Kombat 4
  • Mortal Kombat Gold
  • Mortal Kombat 5
  • Mortal Kombat Platinum
  • Mortal Kombat Saga
  • Mortal Kombat: Deadly Alliance
  • Mortal Kombat: Tournament Edition
  • Mortal Kombat: Deception
  • Mortal Kombat: Unchained
  • Mortal Kombat: Armageddon
  • Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe
  • Mortal Kombat: Beginning
  • Mortal Kombat (2011)
  • Mortal Kombat Arcade Kollection
  • Mortal Kombat Vs Shonen Jump Universe
  • Mortal Kombat: Oblivion
  • Mortal Kombat: Entirety
  • Mortal Kombat: Kall of Korrupts
  • Mortal Kombat: Revelations
  • Mortal Kombat: Apocalypto
  • Mortal Kombat Z
  • Street Fighter VS Mortal Kombat
  • Mortal Kombat Reborn
  • Mortal Kombat Reborn 2: Tyrants Above
  • Mortal Kombat Reborn 3: The New World Order
  • Mortal Kombat Reborn 4: Major Murder
  • Mortal Kombat Reborn X
  • Mortal Kombat War
  • Mortal Kombat War II: Mobius Realm
  • Mortal Kombat War III: Dark Vengeace
  • Mortal Kombat War IV: Anarchy
  • Mortal Kombat War V: Rise of the Doom Realm
  • Mortal Kombat War VI: Catalysm
  • Mortal Kombat War VII: Retaliation
  • Mortal Kombat War VIII: Kombatverse
  • Mortal Kombat War ZX
  • Mortal Kombat VS Street Fighter

Kombatants Edit

Good Edit

  • Raiden
  • Liu Kang
  • Kung Lao
  • Kitana
  • Sub-Zero
  • Johnny Cage
  • Sonya Blade
  • Jax Briggs
  • Cyrax
  • Jade
  • Smoke
  • Nightwolf
  • Khameleon
  • Kabal
  • Sindel
  • Stryker
  • Fujin
  • Sareena
  • Kai
  • Ermac

Evil Edit

  • Shao Kahn
  • Shang Tsung
  • Baraka
  • Mileena
  • Skarlet
  • Kano
  • Tremor
  • Quan Chi
  • Sektor
  • Shinnok
  • Reiko
  • Rain
  • Tanya
  • Noob Saibot
  • Goro
  • Kintaro
  • Sheeva
  • Motaro

Neutral Edit

  • Scorpion
  • Reptile
  • Blaze

Quest Characters Edit

  • Freddy Krueger (DLC playable character in MK (2011) from Nightmare on Elm Street)
  • Kratos (playable character in MK (2011) from God of War series)
  • Jason Voorhess (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Oblivion from Friday the 13th)
  • Predator (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Oblivion from Alien vs. Predator)
  • Leatherface (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Oblivion from The Texas Chainsaw Massacre)
  • Alien (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Oblivion from Alien vs. Predator)
  • Hellboy (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Entirety from Dark Horse)
  • Robocop (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Kall of Korrupts from Robocop series)
  • Ash Williams (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Revelations from Evil Dead)
  • Sweet Tooth (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Revelations from Twisted Metal series)
  • Spawn (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Apocalypto from Spawn series)
  • Darth Vader (DLC playable character in Mortal kombat: Apocalypto from Star Wars)
  • Agent 47 (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Apocalypto from Hitman)
  • T-800 (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Apocalypto from The Terminator)
  • Guyver (DLC playable character in Mortal Kombat: Apocalypto from Guyver series)

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